The Science Behind Eye Color and Melanin

Eye color is an important identifier used to describe someone's appearance in media, social interactions, and official documents. Let's delve into the science behind this fascinating trait.

What is Melanin?

Melanin, a pigment produced by melanocytes in our skin, hair, eyes, and more, determines eye color. Learn how its quantity and type shape our appearance.

Three Types of Melanin

Discover the three types of melanin: eumelanin, pheomelanin, and neuromelanin. Understand their roles in dictating not only eye color but also skin and hair tones.

Genetics and Environmental Factors

Melanin levels are genetically determined but influenced by environmental factors like sun exposure, hormone production, and aging. Explore how these factors impact eye color.

Pigment Disorders

Learn about pigment disorders caused by melanin deficiency or abnormalities, including albinism, melasma, and vitiligo. Understand their effects on skin, hair, and eyes.

The Benefits of Melanin

Melanin isn't just about appearance. It's a crucial adaptation protecting our skin from harmful UV rays. Discover how melanin shields us from sunburn and skin cancer.